The rise of water as a precious commodityWe often ignore or would like to overlook the fact that how much water as resource becoming scarce and precious one , due to the increasing global demand from developed and developing nations. The consumption of water is set to increase from 4500 cubic kilometers in 2010 to 6350 cubic kilometers in 2030. The significant increase in projected consumption is due to sudden demand from developing nations like China& India. The increase in the trend gives us more reasons to worry than to cheer .The reasons are very evident, developed nations or rich nations are considered as the biggest consumers of water , because of their extravagant lifestyle , food consumption and growing Demand from industries . In the case of developing nations witnessing economic growth for last couple years, the middle class section of the population is widening with increasing propensity to consume more than ever before. Yes water is a renewable resource , but what if the nature’s water supply falls well short of the increasing demand driven situation. I think this situation is going to come in large way across the Globe, the repercussions are many like more heightened tensions between the borders , diversion of big rivers , construction of big dams to store water ,These reasons could throw up nearly more sort of a war like situation between countries sharing boundaries. US is perhaps the largest consumer of water among the select countries.
Projected Increase in demand of water globally
As per the projected annual water demand The two biggest populated and growing economies among the developing countries ie, is India and china would see increasing demand for water .The statics clearly shows ,sectors like domestic consumption, Industry & Agriculture are the major consumers . The economic power like china is going to consume 300 billion cubic meters for Industry alone and For India the major chunk of 338 cubic meters would be from individuals .
Access to Drinking water is a perennial problem :
The statics below shows despite of the progress globally, we have 750 million people still struggles with out drinking water. Since water being a basic requirement for human beings survival , this shows water is very much a precious commodity , in the future it is going more precious than ever before . So in nutshell we are creators of the problem on the same hand we suffer a lot and going to suffer more in the coming years.
The 2015 united nations global climate change was recently got concluded in Paris ,France , where a global agreement was signed by 196 representatives on an agreed text after a very long deliberation and representation from countries. The most important, notable fact is that globally this issue of global warming is getting acknowledged and some serious initiatives would be in its process to get it implemented in the coming years by nations on a global scale. Already the global climate changes and vagaries has shown how devastating the effects could be on our planet, We have seen many alarming situations like floods, famine and unprecedented increase in temperature which affects the agriculture , livestock and people. We need to blame ourselves for forcing us to be in this predicament.
We have seen this multi- fold increase in global climate change, post industrialization, where no one ever thought of the consequences of this unbridled use of fossil fuels, industrial emission of gases in the environment , deforestation and many other reasons which are nothing but purely a reactions of human induced actions . We never thought or not given any importance for a sustainable living in this blue planet. Nations which are now Developed nations was busy building their capacities to become economic power , poor nation’s resources was being put to uncontrollable exploitation without anticipating the danger in the foreseeable future leads to destabilizing force which eventually would turns out to be a global catastrophe .
Now the situation is little bit naive and complicated because of the simple reason that in Paris they have agreed to set a limit of 2 degree Celsius by 2030 globally, How would it be possible for the developing and third world nations to rapidly switch to other alternative sources of energy creation? , Currently relatively cheap sources by using coal as input is the mainstay for the developing nations like India for addressing their energy needs. Richer and developed nations are in better position economically to invest in alternative sources like solar, wind and nuclear, but most populated and economically backward nations are not in a position to invest heavily on alternative energy sources. How much and how far developed nations are willing to contribute for the change in less advanced economies is something which remains to be seen.
The Climate protection performance index of the countries vindicates the above conclusion, those countries who has shown highest achievements in climate protection are richer nations with higher per ca pita income.
And economically backward nations needs a helping hand both economically as well as technological know how.
With the onset of industry revolution was somewhere close to 1750 till 1840 , where new manufacturing process was in operation , since then mankind has invented new machines like steam engine , many more use of machines in the world of manufacturing lead to increase in productivity , history has lauded this as one of finest achievement of human being .But since that period the co2 emission has grown to un assumed proportions is alarming
Individual level participation is also key.
Leave the industrialization and other reasons, Are we as individuals are doing enough to play our role as a change agent in bringing down global temperature?Please find the below reasons and their share respondents.
We need to highlight countries like japan and Netherlands where people prefer cycle as their preferred mode of commutation .Time has come or time to realize that we are living on verge of global climate change & pollution .every action of ours count more than the previous one , and we have identified the root cause of this problem, If we really want to protect this wonderful planet , we need to do some sacrifices for a better tomorrow , Otherwise in the worst case scenario this blue planet would become the worst place to survive for our future generations to come.
The sheer number of online business models coming live in the online space is making this arena more interesting and attractive. In the last two years the amount of money flown in to this space by the venture capital funds and angel investors is real testimony to a prove a point beyond doubt that Indian one line business market is growing like they were never before , be it in the space of health care , e-tailers, travel& tourism, hospitality and many more , entrepreneurial zeal to chart out new models with different offerings are already on the anvil. The confidence is completely derived out of the ever increasing internet users ,Burgeoning , aspirational middle class who has much dispensable income , affinity to try out new things and product as when it get introduced in the market place.
As per the statics India has currently 243 million citizen using internet services through mobile and computers, which is expected grow at much faster space in the coming years. The rising clout of ecommerce sales in countries like china & USA is about 43 billion USD, But currently our nation is still in its infant stage which is about 9 to 10% of the shopping through online, but it is a well known fact that this figure is going to catch up soon in the coming years. Don’t you think that 1.2 billion populations with every increasing penetration of mobile phones, internet services, VOIP is great opportunity, market place for a lot startup to take its wings by exploiting the users to shop, avail services online. I think if my memory is correct in the last 3years you could find new startups coming live with confidence, and later it is getting capital from venture funds to expand its operation further. More than ever before the investors from overseas and Indian are brimming with confidence to get their hands soaked in online ventures.
Online business models in India.
- Online market Place: Websites like Flipkart,Myntra & Amazon follow this model , where our regulation don’t allow multi brand online inventory , so suppliers can list their products in the website , Ecommerce portal get commission on the transaction.
- Inventory based model: In this model companies would set up their own inventory and the logistics, but they can have real control on the logistics and cost of operation is very higher. As per current regulations multi brand retailing is currently not allowed in India, but single brand retailing is possible.
- Affiliate marketing model: This model promotes other companies products through advertisements and links, when customer clicks on the advertisement they earn a commission out of it.
- Online brick and mortar retailers: Here the basic retail shops sets up websites to offer products of particular brand and merchandise will be shipped directly from the go down to the customer.
If we take the segment wise online sales the electronics holds the major share of the pie with 34%which is slightly above apparel & accessories with 30% and books owns third piece of share 15% ,rest of the segments put together holds the remaining share .
Economic Impact :
The economic impact of on India’s GDP is less than 2% where as in USA it is above 4% , Internet contribution is growing at much faster pace than India which is 14% vs 2%.
The scope for scalability in online consumers in India needs to major change , but potential is huge, but several bottlenecks like availability of infrastructure , band width are the major blocks which could curtail the potential for growth, Imagine a population of 1.2 billion we are only 2% of perceived potential , so with more support , technology we can scale up and reach to rest of the population .
Bottom Line :
The likelihood of online presence in all sectors is going to improve , companies who are already in the business has started deploying teams to implement online platforms like mobile apps ,electronic mediums to improve the customer’s experience for example banking sector is widely perceived as one sector going to harness the potential of online mediums . For start ups to get blossom behind the curtain motivation is lesser capital or seed capital , comparatively less infrastructure when compared brick and mortar business models.
Dr. Sakena Yacoobi’s the founder Over came many hardships and challenges , But her vision in 1991 helped her to put in place “ Afghanistan institute of learning” the organization kept a brave foot forward in to the refugee camps in Pakistan by starting learning centers and provided healthcare to the people in Afghanistan , who are forced to flee from their places due to Taliban instigated conflict .AIL operated 80 secret schools which was catering to 3000 girls , trained 80 teachers. In 2001 AIL increased their reach significantly by opening learning centers , established clinics , Training centers in various subjects . They are also actively involved in disaster relief management and have adequate human resource, Funds & plans in place to support the relief activity.
The objective is to foster self-reliance, critical thinking ability and community participation among the affected people who became vulnerable due to the conflict. Through this Learning center they believes that key objective can only be achieved through education especially for girls & women where learning is centered around their health and its related aspects. The holistic approach of training & educating the people to understand the importance of democracy, identify their rights for better healthcare and creating economic opportunities for them to live a better life.
This is another outstanding illustration of social entrepreneurship model with great vision, forward thinking to improve the life of the people who have lost their hopes due to war and conflict. The initiative is a great step in the right direction which has the potential to bring light and hope to the affected people, by focused approach through empowering them with the help of learning & Training given ability on their hands to think, learn& earn.
Based out in ,united sates of America , he follows his father’s footsteps , also influenced by civil right years in America. During his college days at Harvard , he founded the Ashoka Table and at Yale school he launched Yale legislative services. He was influenced by Great Mahatma Gandhi & Martin Luther King .He was deeply interested to study , how human institutions work to create an impact in the society. In 1980 Ashoka innovators for the Public came in to existence, went on to become the largest social Network of social entrepreneurs world-wide , which infuses changing ideas on a global scale. In Ashoka they support social entrepreneurs by making them apply the skills like empathy,Teamwork ,Leadership& Change and making them successful in this modern world.
A well known personality in Bangladesh , Nobel prize winner for peace in 2006 for setting up Grameen Bank , He was inspired to constitute the Bank after coming to terms with the experiences of women in villages. They need to borrow at a higher rate from some informal sources to buy raw materials to produce a product based on their traditional skills& knowledge,above all the involvement of middle man to get them arrange the finances leads to many women in villages left with nothing or very little to savings for the future. As an economics professing lecturer , he was disturbed by the thought that something terribly was wrong with the economics ,This pressing issue of exploiting the women folks in villages made him to foray in lending small ticket loans to this self employed women by constituting Grameen bank in 1983. The lending at a lower rate made the self employed women to save more for their future needs their by improving their living conditions. Today Grameen bank is proud to employ 19800 staffs serving 8.29 million borrowers in 18367 villages. Most important aspect is that 97 % of the borrowers are women.
The founder of bare foot college , Tillonia , He is famous for educating illiterate & semi illiterate people. The term barefoot originated in china and its village health workers which is social work research center (SWRC) , committed to poor, neglected & marginalized section of the society. In 1972 Megaraj from Tillonia village & fresh graduate from Delhi university crafted a an idea to popularize the rural wisdom from the villages .In early 80’s rural illiterate youth played the dominant role in planning, initiating ideas which replaced the educated middle class , professionals like engineers & doctors Bare foot college six non negotiable values are 1)Austerity 2) Equality 3) Collective decision making ,4)Decentralization,5)Self evaluation.6)Transparency& Accountability. The staffs are not any one from outside but all of them are from villages who handles various responsibilities. A t present this SWRC has and its ideas are getting vastly implemented in Latin America, Africa,USA& Europe. At Tillonia they support to create hand made crafts to sell them in the market , every body is given fair wages to support their livelihood.
He was Pakistani national development practitioner and social scientist. He promoted participatory rural development by advocating community participation in Pakistan & other developing countries .The highlighted part of his work was establishing a comprehensive project for rural development called comilla model in 1959 which earned him Ramon Magsaysay award from Philippines and honorary doctorate of law from Michigan state university .
In 1980’s he started bottom up community development called Orangi pilot project or Orangi poverty alleviation project in north west part of Karachi. The project was aimed to create facilities & infrastructure in place with the help of local laborers& materials, Through this initiative lead to establish schools, health centres , women work centres , this project was instrumental in creating low cost sanitation program , housing program & family planning program also put in place low cost credit facilities for small family enterprises and education .
The Comilla model in 1959 was in response to failure of V-aid program in east and west Pakistan with technical assistance from US government , His Comilla model address the serious issues because of lack basic infrastructure , the integrated development program focused on setting up training and development centre , decentralized small irrigation program and two tiered cooperative systems to empower the poor and needy. His models& programs were implemented successfully in many other developing countries which had similar issues. Mr Akhtar Hameed Khan passed away at the age of 85.But ideas still remain very much relevant and can be successfully implemented in many parts of African region.
He is an Egyptian who founded SEKEM means vitality from the sun located in north east of Cairo specialized in organic & bio dynamic farming methods became leader in promoting organic products & crop remedies , They practised and familiarized methods on pest controls by improving the yields. He was selected as an out standing social entrepreneur in 2004 by Schwab foundation .Major initiatives of his organization are .
- Bio dynamic farms
Trading companies for produce of proceed foods
A medical centre
A school based on Waldorf pedagogy open to all religion and ethnic background
A community school for disadvantaged groups
A vocational Training centre
A college& Research centre